Enkusero Sampu Conservancy (ESC) dedicated to preserving and protecting the diversity of the natural wildlife resources of this rich region. ESC seeks ways in which wildlife and people can co-exist symbiotically.

Enkusero Sampu

About the project

About the Project

Introduction to the Organization

The Enkusero Sampu Conservancy (ESC) is a community based organisation formed in 2013 initially by a group of 15 families to help the community address its priority socio-economic needs through conservation of the living environment and establishment of one of the most viable livelihood alternatives available in Maasai land in the face of diminishing Pastoralism and other human activities aggressively competing for former grazing lands.

The ESC is located in Enkusero Sampu, South West of greater Ngong division of Kajiado West district. The ESC hopes to able to spread the conservation and community-based eco-tourism message to more families in the area and beyond to capture an area of about 100 square kilometers.

The ESC has a board of trustees of 15 members and oversees the Enkusero Sampu Conservancy area of about 6 square kilometers.  The trust is being coordinated by Mr. Paul Kilelu who helped form the Organization  as its founding manager.

The ESC is currently run from Kiserian town in a shared office with Malonza & Company Advocates a Law Firm and hopes that in the near future, it will be able to establish its own offices at the conservancy itself as well as in Kiserian town to coordinate all conservancy activities and visitors.

Background to the project

Today there is increasing evidence, both scientific and anecdotal that there is great need in the Maasai community for sustainable livelihood in the face of historical marginalization, increased poverty, and declining quality of life that puts the community at increasing risk and vulnerability to both natural and man-caused disasters.  Of particular interest are: the conservation of the living environment and its diverse resources, access to all levels of education for members of the Maasai community, and natural resources conservation.

Traditional Maasai livestock production (Pastoralism) has become unsustainable and therefore poverty has increased.  Among other factors such as frequently recurring drought, the decline is due to a lack of adequate policy support and effective markets for livestock products.  As a result, the indigenous minority Maasai community is highly vulnerable to disposing of the only lasting asset they have – land — and of losing their traditional pastoral identity through assimilation by the more economically endowed immigrant communities who buy and settle on the land.  Additionally, poverty has put greater stress on the indigenous animals and other ecosystems.

One of the main objectives for formation of the ESC is toprotect the community’s land and its high tourism and film production potential from being sold to non-indigenous people. 

These objectives would be accomplished through the establishment of sustainable community based eco-tourism enterprises (CBETEs) to supplement limited income from livestock production/Pastoralism.

The CBETEs have high potential for conservation of the natural environment and its biodiversity as well as income generation and employment opportunities.  Part of the ESC vision is also to establish an education trust fund to be funded by a percentage of the CBETEs income and donations from well-wishers to increase access to adequate quality education for the community’s children.  This in turn will provide the community the capacity and skills needed to engage in various livelihood source initiatives and well-paying employment opportunities.  In addition, the ESC trust have the strong desire to promote and sustain respect for human rights, land rights, good and democratic governance and control of historical and cultural sites for the betterment of the livelihood of the Maasai community of Kenya. 

The ESC envisions a socio-economically empowered Maasai community deriving its livelihood from conserving its living environment.



To improve the socio-economic conditions of the pastoralist community at Enkusero Sampu in Kajiado West district of Kenya, through conservation of the natural and bio-diversity rich environment

Specific Objectives

The project shall specially seek to:

  1. Establish strong community partnership and goodwill for project success and sustainability through strategic meetings, mobilization, and involvement of community and relevant government ministries and departments and other resource partners.
  2. Increase institutional and personnel capacity of the ESC, including 9 trustees and 13staff on; conservancy development and management, strategic planning and resource mobilization and CBETE development and management through training and exchange learning trips to at least three established conservancies in Kenya/ Tanzania.
  3. Develop and provide alternative livelihood support system that fosters bio-diversity conservation to the pastoralist ESC community through creation of a conservation area and establishment of two pilot community-based eco-tourism enterprises (CBETEs).
  4. Provide increased access to quality and adequate levels of education to deserving bright children from poor families in the ESC community through setting up an education fund
  5. Provide adequate human and administrative resources to ensure success and sustainability of the integrated 3 year conservation, CBETE, and education development project through identification, placement, development, maintenance and support of 5 managerial/ technical and 8 support staff.


Towards this vision, the ESC has identified a number of priority needs that needed to be addressed in order to move the organisation and the communities it serves forward towards accomplishment of its short- term, mid- term and long term objectives.  These priority actions include:

  1. Increased capacity building of the board of trustees and senior management staff in conservancy management, strategic planning and resource mobilization
  2. Two coordination offices; at Kiserian and at the conservancy; including recruitment of administrative, support and conservation staff and volunteers
  3. Adequate capacity of employed and volunteer conservation rangers
  4. Establishment of two pilot community-based eco-tourism enterprises(CBETEs); one at Olesokorte and the other at Kijululo
  5. Registration and recognition of the ESC area as a conservancy by, KWS and other relevant GoK departments


The ESC sees the solutions to these priority needs as indicated in the following table:

Increased capacity building of the board Members and senior management staff in conservancy management, strategic planning and resource mobilization

  • An exchange learning trip on conservancy development and management for the Board Members and key community opinion leader
  • A training workshop on strategic planning
  • A training workshop on resource mobilization and CBETE management

Two coordination offices; at Kiserian and at the conservancy; including recruitment of administrative, support and conservation staff and volunteers

  • 36 months conservation organization institution capacity support to establish the two offices including; recruitment of an office  administrator (2), receptionist (2), driver (2), conservation extension officer (1) and rangers (5)
  • Two 4wd vehicles; one for office coordination and the other for eco-tourism activities in the conservancy.

Adequate capacity of employed and volunteer conservation rangers

  • Training of the 10 rangers and 4 admin staff to better perform in their jobs
  • An Exchange learning trip for the 10 rangers in 2  batches to at least three established conservancies in Kenya/ Tanzania

 Increased by-in of conservation and CBETE activities by the target community through visible outcomes of the ESC.

  • Establishment of two pilot community-based eco-tourism enterprises(CBETEs); one at xxxxx and the other at xxxx

Recognition of the ESC area as a conservancy by the government and other stakeholders.

  • Strategic and partnership meetings and events by the ESC with the relevant GoK ministries (ministry of Lands, KWS and other relevant GoK departments and departments) and other resource partners

Towards its first priority need, the ESC has written this proposal to the KWS for support in capacity building of the 15 trustees and 15 local leaders in conservancy management through an exchange learning trip to Lewa conservancy in Laikipia district.


Board of trustees (BoT)

The ESC board of trustees forms the policy making and oversight body for the trust and conservancy activities.  It is made up of 9 trustees selected from and representing all the key sub-areas and families within the ESC area.  The BoT meets once quarterly and organizes the ESC AGM annually to review the performance and policies of the trust.  The BoT provides oversight to trust and CBETEs management staff to ensure correct and transparent implementation of trust policies, strategic plan and achievement of performance goals.

Project Management & Technical Staff

Management staff includes the manager; Mr. Paul S. Kilelu, two conservation officers, the accountant and administrator.  The core mandate of the management staff led by the conservancy manager is to ensure effective and efficient implementation of the trust’s annual operations plans towards meeting set strategic and performance objectives. 

The conservancy manager has overall responsibility to ensure operational success of the conservancy, socio-economic and education activities of the trust and to provide supervision to all technical and support staff towards achievement of operational and strategic performance targets.  Mr. Kilelu has 10 years experience in organizing community groups within Maasailand to address community concerns and issues.

The conservation, socio-economic and education development officers shall be responsible for providing sound technical advice to the manager, various community groups and other key stakeholders in the planning, implementation and coordination of conservation, CBETE and education development activities of the ESC.

Support staff

The ESC support staff shall comprise the 10 rangers, admin assistants and driver.  The support staffs are meant to provide the necessary operational support to the technical and management staff to carry out their critical conservation, socio-economic development and education development activities.  The support staff shall be the first to be recruited after the conservation manager and oriented on their jobs.  These shall form a critical part of the entire operations team that includes the management and technical staff.

Community volunteers

At least 2 out of the 10 conservancy rangers shall be community volunteers with capacity and potential to do their jobs well.  Additionally 15 village scouts shall be identified to provide additional conservation support to the5 rangers and technical staff.  The community volunteers shall be given on-job training by the technical staff and rangers as well as a monthly stipend of Kshs 10,000/= to ensure commitment to conservation and socio-economic development of the target community.  They will form the lowest project/trust structure directly in contact with the community and will be very instrumental in community mobilization for towards achievement of the trust’s goals and strategic objectives.

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